Published: November 09, 2019
Al Jazeera has obtained a draft copy of a United Nations report that reveals that member states – the The United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Turkey and Jordan have violated the arms embargo imposed on Libya.
The report of the Panel of Experts of the Committee on International Sanctions on Libya said that Sudan and its lieutenant general Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, also known as Hameti, did not comply with UN sanctions to ban military support to parties involved in the Libyan conflict, and noted that a thousand Sudanese rapid support forces were sent to eastern Libya in July.
Hameti sent Sudanese troops to Benghazi to allow the forces of the renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar to attack the capital, Tripoli, the report adds.
Several sources were quoted as saying that Sudan's Rapid Support Forces were then stationed in al-Jufra, an area in southern Libya.
The report also stated that the UAE violated the arms embargo by providing Haftar with an advanced air defense system that was installed at the Jafra base and near the city of Gharyan. He was also provided with a warship that was modified with weapons and other offensive equipment.
"The United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Turkey provided weapons periodically and sometimes blatantly with little effort to hide the source," experts said in a summary attached to their study.
Turkey, which declares its support for the internationally recognized Government of National Agreement (GNA), provided military equipment to its forces, from armored vehicles to unmanned aerial vehicles, according to the same report.
UN system & # 39; broken & # 39; for the conflict in Libya
Haftar forces have been conducting an armed campaign in Tripoli since April 4 under the pretext of ending the "militia government,quot;, but they have not been able to penetrate the walls of the capital.
The fighting killed some 1,100 people, including dozens of civilians, and injured another 6,000. The number of displaced people exceeded 120,000, according to UN agencies.
Anas el-Gomati, founder and director of the Sadeq Institute, a group of experts focused on Libya in London, told Al Jazeera: "The danger is not that these revelations are new or old, but what the UN Security Council will do with them. "
"We are not seeing the massive elephant in the room, which is that Libya can be the example of where the international community and the UN multi-electoral system that was supposed to preserve global peace has really failed and is being broken by the Libyan conflict, "he continued.
"If we return to April 4, remember that Haftar caused this war in the presence of the UN chief, Antonio Guterres, on his first trip to Libya (which) left in 24 hours without mentioning the name of Khalifa Haftar."
Haftar has been sharing documentation of his war crimes for the past four years to intimidate his opponents in Libya, Gomati said.
"He wants to send the same signal he did when he launched that offensive against Guterres, which is: & # 39; No one can stop me, not even the UN & # 39;".
& # 39; Example of foreign interference textbook & # 39;
The report underlines the accusations in May of the UN envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame, who said at the time that Libya had become "an example of a textbook,quot; of foreign interference in local conflicts.
"(Between) six and 10 countries are permanently interfering with the problem of Libya," Salame warned, channeling weapons, cash and military advice to the country.
Last July, the GNA demanded responses after Paris admitted that French missiles were found in a base used by Haftar.
Foreign Minister Mohamed Taher Siala asked his French counterpart Jean-Yves Le Drian to "urgently explain,quot; how the missiles "reached Haftar's forces, when they were delivered and how."
While the French Ministry of Defense admitted buying the javelin missiles manufactured in the United States, it denied having handed them over to Haftar, saying that the French forces operating in the war-torn country had lost track of them after they judge that they were defective.
However, the French ministry statement did not explain how the missiles were lost, which generated suspicions that Paris is supporting Haftar in the field. source