Published: January 23, 2020
General Warns ISIS Resurgence Possible if US Leaves Iraq
US Army soldiers keep watch on the US embassy compound in Baghdad, Iraq January 1, 2020. DoD/Lt. Col. Adrian Weale/Handout via REUTERS
ISIS is weakened but a resurgence is possible if the United States leaves Iraq, US Major General Alexus Grynkewich, the deputy commander of the international anti-militant coalition in Iraq and Syria, has said.
The militants "certainly still remain a threat," he told a Pentagon news conference on Wednesday. "They have the potential to resurge if we take pressure off of them for too long."
The US Air Force Major General said he did not see the threat of an immediate ISIS comeback. "But the more time we take pressure off of them, the more of that threat will continue to grow," he said.
At the conference, he said the structural weakness of ISIS is shown by its failure to take advantage of demonstrations in Iraq calling for political reforms since October.
More than 460 protesters have been killed, and demonstrators are angry that few Iraqi security personnel have been charged for the violence.
The allies at the heart of the international coalition have over the last few months been evaluating the position of the extremist movement that collapsed last March after years of battle with coalition-backed forces.
ISIS went underground and reverted to well-honed guerrilla tactics that continued to do damage.
The coalition wanted to determine whether the group is "executing some sort of strategic patience, waiting for an opportunity that they can exploit, or are they truly on the ropes a bit more and lacking in capability and capacity?" Grynkewich said.
According to Agence France Presse, he said that the Iraqi protests helped the coalition to refine its assessment "that it's actually ISIS is a little bit more on the lack of capability and capacity side, than strategically patient.”
Tensions between Washington and Tehran boiled over onto Iraqi soil this month. The US killed top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani in Baghdad and Tehran retaliated against an Iraqi base hosting American soldiers, some of whom were hurt.
Furious at the US hit, Iraq's parliament voted January 5 to oust all foreign troops, including about 5,200 American soldiers deployed alongside local forces.
Coalition troops have ostensibly reduced their operations in Iraq since then, even if cooperation with the Iraqi army continues discreetly, according to several US military sources.
US President Donald Trump and his Iraqi counterpart Barham Saleh agreed Wednesday in Davos, Switzerland on the need for a continued US military role in the country, the White House said.
"That's really kind of a government-to-government discussion on when we get back to full restoration of that partnership. They certainly have an interest in it, as do we," Grynkewich said. source